Climate change will have a profound impact on countries and economies. Businesses, small and large, are affected; investors face increased risks, something also observed by the insurance industry.
Governments are required to respond too, and do so in different ways: they provide adaptation planning and some (often public) infrastructure, but they also play a key role in providing a policy environment that facilitates the response measures by all stakeholders in the economy. Essential for this course is that most of these response measures – adaptation measures - require investment. There is a tremendous spectrum from small enterprises to corporates up to larger private or public infrastructure projects seeking climate adaptation finance.