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Interested in learning blockchain?

If you sign up, we directly send you our "top list of readings" we urgently recommend. This can help you identify the most interesting aspects within the increasingly complex field of enterprise DLT, crypto assets, and Bitcoin - both for beginners and more advanced persons.

Our Mission

The Frankfurt School Blockchain Center is a think tank and research center which investigates implications of the blockchain technology, crypto assets and distributed ledger technology (DLT) for companies and their business models. Besides the development of prototypes, it serves as a platform for managers, startups, technology and industry experts to share knowledge and best practices. The Blockchain Center also provides new research impulses and develops trainings for students and executives. It focuses on banking, finance, mobility and, “Industrie 4.0”.

Foster understanding of blockchain technology and their business potential for a variety of stakeholders.

Generate new knowledge about commercial, managerial and societal implications of blockchain technologies.

Educate executives and students about blockchain technology.

Develop prototypes to evaluate blockchain concepts and assess applicability in existing business processes.

Build a strong community of blockchain experts, corporates, industry experts and entrepreneurial talents.

Focus on specific areas such as banking, finance, mobility, “Industrie 4.0”.


"Crypto Asset Conference 2020B - "#CAC20B" - from October 29 to October 31, 2020, physically in Frankfurt and online: Since the first CAC more than 3 years ago, both the environment and the key players in the area of crypto assets, blockchain and DLT have developed. Together with executives, founders, investors and representatives from public authorities, these relevant changes as well as new developments in the crypto sphere will be discussed at the CAC20B. During 3 days, visitors will be introduced to these currently relevant topics through speeches, discussions, pitches and networking opportunities. Attend the three days of the conference to get up to date on “digital assets, securities, and infrastructure” (day 1), "crypto and custody" (day 2) and “digital Euro and stablecoins” (day 3).
More information.

Academy and education

Become a blockchain expert

Blockchain will change the world and Germany is on its way to lead the digital change in this area. Education is always the first step towards the successful implementation of innovation. This is why the Frankfurt School Blockchain Center is offering a wide range of education to enable everyone from intern to CEO to understand and successfully apply blockchain.

Frankfurt School Blockchain Academy
  • 32 hours of video education in 8 courses
  • Technological, legal and business aspects of blockchain
  • Part of the educational offering for companies
  • Contact for more information
Blockchain Masterclass
  • Comprehensive 12-hour blockchain course
  • Deep blockchain knowledge paired with case studies for practical applications
  • Learn more about the Blockchain Masterclass and sign up
Blockchain in a Nutshell
  • High-level 2-hour introduction course
  • Basic understanding of blockchain and trends
  • Start your blockchain journey and sign up



  • Joint research projects with corporates
  • Studies on blockchain applications

  • Compiling technical whitepapers

  • Well established network in the DLT/blockchain ecosystem in Germany, Europe and Asia

  • Organization of conferences, meetups, seminars and online seminars

  • Workshops for top managers and decision makers

  • Lectures about DLT and blockchain for bachelor, master and MBA courses

  • Supervision of theses on various blockchain-related topics

  • Certificate program to become a blockchain experts

  • Digital Innovation and Fintech: dedicated bachelor program

  • Development of prototypes in Ethereum, Hyperledger, R3 Corda, and IOTA

  • Decision support with regard to (i) organizational and (ii) architectural IT decisions

  • Support with implementation of blockchain solutions

  • Advising startups on DLT/blockchain related topics

  • Establishment of B2B or investor contacts for startups

  • Support for marketing and public relations


EU Digital Innovation Hub: The Frankfurt School Blockchain Center is officially listed as a Digital Innovation Hub by the European Commission. EU Digital Innovation Hubs have been introduced to advise companies, especially SMEs, startups and mid-caps, about digitization and innovative technologies, and to provide opportunities to engage in technology-testing, financing advice, market intelligence, and networking activities.
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Multichain Asset Managers Association (MAMA): MAMA is is a trade body which represents asset management companies, investors, technology providers, service providers and ecosystem players interested in working towards a new vision for asset management using blockchain and other supporting decentralized technologies.
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International Token Standardization Association (ITSA): The ITSA is a non-profit organization aiming at the development and implementation of market standards for the identification, classification, and analysis of DLT- and blockchain-based cryptographic tokens, including the International Token Identification Number (ITIN), the International Token Classification (ITC) framework and the International Token Database (TOKENBASE).
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Blockchain Bundesverband (Bundesblock): The Blockchain Bundesverband (Blockchain Association Germany) promotes the use of blockchain technology at the business location Germany. The association represents the interests of startups and companies that want to develop business models based on blockchain technology.
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European Union Blockchain Observatory: The European Union Blockchain Observatory and Forum is a two-year initiative created by the European Commission in February 2018, aiming to support blockchain innovation and the development of the blockchain ecosystem within the EU.
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Austrian Blockchain Center (ABC): The ABC mission is to establish itself as the one-stop-shop Austrian Research Center for Blockchain and related technologies focusing on the industrial application in areas such as industry 4.0 and IoT as well as financial, energy, logistics, government, and administrative applications.
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International Association for Trusted Blockchain Applications (INATBA): The INATBA provides users and developers of DLT a worldwide forum to exchange views and opinions with regulators and policymakers.
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Crypto Country Association Liechtenstein (CCA): The CCA is supporting the blockchain and cryptocurrency sectors in Liechtenstein. The goal is to organize the application and dissemination of blockchain-related matters as well as establishing quality assurance.
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Trust Square: The co-working space Trust Square is offering a network of experts in the field of blockchain technology, bringing together entrepreneurs, businesses, investors as well as academics and researchers in an open and diverse environment.
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DLT Education Consortium (DEC): The DEC is a non-profit consortium for academic and professional organizations for international knowledge exchange, education programs, professional certificates and industry research on distributed ledger technologies.
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Convergence Alliance: The Convergence Alliance is a group of leading enterprise partners, venture capitalists, technologists, start-ups and academic institutions driving the innovation around Web 3.0 through working groups, research, hackathons, and an annual dev con.
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Bloxberg: The Bloxberg consortium is a decentralized research infrastructure governed by various research institutes and scientists that provide services for science.
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Blockchain for Europe: This association represents international blockchain industry players at the EU-level. Blockchain for Europe pro-actively contributes to the regulatory debate by supporting European decision makers in their goal to make the implementation of Blockchain technology a success. Blockchain for Europe closely collaborates with national, regional and global players – both at policy as well as industry level – to support the promotion of and education about blockchain technology.
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MAMA is a trade body which represents asset management companies, investors, technology providers, service providers and ecosystem players interested in working towards a new vision for asset management using blockchain and other supporting decentralized technologies.

The International Token Standardization Association (ITSA) is a non-profit organization aiming at the development and implementation of market standards for the identification, classification, and analysis of DLT- and blockchain-based cryptographic tokens, including the International Token Identification Number (ITIN), the International Token Classification (ITC) framework and the International Token Database (TOKENBASE).

The Blockchain Bundesverband (Blockchain Association Germany) promotes the use of blockchain technology at the business location Germany. The association represents the interests of startups and companies that want to develop business models based on blockchain technology.


Selected publications

Comparison of Ethereum, Hyperledger Fabric and Corda: With this paper, we provide a brief analysis of the most notable differences between the distributed ledger technologies (DLT) Hyperledger Fabric, R3 Corda and Ethereum. Our intention is to give decision makers new to DLT guidance for what use cases Hyperledger Fabric, Corda and Ethereum are most suitable. Read more.

Blockchain in Healthcare: This paper provides a brief overview of whether blockchain could be a promising technology for creating a healthcare ecosystem. By using blockchain-encrypted digital identity management, humans are placed in the center of medical data management. The central issues of the current system are the availability of medical data and trust of patients and stakeholders in data security and quality, which can be addressed by using blockchain technology. Read more.

Application of Blockchain Technology in the Manufacturing Industry: The following paper shows both the high potential of blockchain for the manufacturing and machine tool industry in the future, as well as the challenges that occur with that technology. Several use cases of blockchain technology will be presented and discussed in this paper. Furthermore, we want to show the conditions under which blockchain solutions might be most beneficial and if blockchain will become a key technology to transform many industries. Read more.

Solving Challenges in Developing Countries with Blockchain Technology: Blockchain technology can solve development problems as it improves existing instruments and enables the development of new ones. Blockchain-based applications particularly address institutional weaknesses and financial inclusion because they restrict deception, corruption and uncertainties. In the future, the blockchain can also be a development vehicle empowering people directly and mitigating power asymmetries. Read more.

Blockchain Technology in the Pharmaceutical Industry: With this paper, we present a blockchain-based solution to increase supply chain security for the pharmaceutical industry. Supply chain security is one aspect that has recently won attention, when the Drug Supply Chain Security Act (DSCSA) has been implemented in the U.S. to, amongst others, fight the counterfeit drug problem. During the second “{Life Science} meets IT” hackathon in Heidelberg a team of enthusiastic young professionals and students developed a prototype solution that is able to guard people’s life with a patient-empowering blockchain solution and won the first price with their prototype LifeCrypter. Read more.

Identifying Leading Blockchain Startups on a Worldwide Level:The blockchain startup ecosystem is unique for the interconnectedness amongst startups from different industries. Startups are in many cases the drivers of innovations. A comprehensive understanding and overview of a particular startup ecosystem can therefore be beneficial to understand which products or services are really demanded by customers. Read more.

Additional publications 2020

Role of Blockchain for the European Bond Market
July 2020; by Chen, Wanli; Wang, Qianxia. (PDF)

The Digital Euro and the Role of DLT for Central Bank Digital Currencies
May 2020; by Klein, Manuel; Gross, Jonas, Sandner, Philipp. (PDF)

Blockchain in Healthcare
May 2020; by Bitroff, Martina; Sandner, Philipp. (PDF)

Steuerimplikationen von Finanzinstrumenten aus dem Bereich Decentralized Finance (DeFi)
May 2020; by Himmer, Klaus; Tosovic, Vladimir. (PDF)

The Impact of Crypto Currencies on Developing Countries
January 2020; by Holtmeier, Moritz; Sandner, Philipp. (PDF)

Additional publications 2019

How Should Companies Select a Specific Blockchain Framework?
December 2019; by Höfelmann, Daniel; Sandner, Philipp. (PDF)

Implementing Blockchain Projects in Banks
December 2019; by Laufs, Dominik; Sandner, Philipp. (PDF)

Blockchain – Implications and Use Cases for Additive Manufacturing
September 2019; by Diemer, Moritz. (PDF)

Blockchain and Marketing
June 2019; by Scherf, Jessica; Becker, Lutz. (PDF)

Crypto Currencies as a New Challenge to Anti-Money Laundering Regulation and the Know-Your-Customer-Principle
June 2019; by Auffenberg, Lutz. (PDF)

Blockchain Business Models for Autonomous IoT Sensor Devices
April 2019; by Higgins, Marc; Sandner, Philipp. (PDF)

Entscheidungshilfe für den Einsatz von Blockchain-Technologie in Unternehmen: Vier Frameworks im Vergleich
April 2019; by Höfelmann, Daniel; Sandner, Philipp. (PDF) [German]

Additional publications 2018

Identifying Leading Blockchain Startups on a Worldwide Level
December 2018; by Fiedler, Malin; Sandner, Philipp. (PDF)

Blockchain-Based ICOs: Pure Hype or the Dawn of a New Era of Startup Financing?
November 2018; by Ante, Lennart; Sandner, Philipp; Fiedler, Ingo. (PDF)

Blockchain in the Chemical Industry
September 2018; by Maxeiner, Lukas Samuel; Martini, Jan-Philipp; Sandner, Philipp. (PDF)

Mit Blockchain auf dem Weg zur Smart Maintenance
September 2018; by Heinert, Stev; Sandner, Philipp. (PDF) [German]

R3 Corda: Implementierung eines Prototyps für Schuldscheindarlehen und Vergleich verschiedener DLT-Frameworks
Juli 2018; by Sandner, Philipp; Impekoven, Christoph; Wiemann, Jan-Philipp. (PDF) [German]

Rechtliche & marktorganisatorische Anforderungen an den P2P-Stromhandel
April 2018; by Kreuzburg, Michael. (PDF) [German]

Soft und Hard Forks: Was sind die wirtschaftlichen und steuerrechtlichen Auswirkungen
April 2018; by Himmer, Klaus; Berchtold, Magnus; Messmer, Jan; Sandner, Philipp. (PDF) [German]

Analysis of Blockchain Technology in the Mobility sector
April 2018; by Gösele, Martin; Sandner, Philipp. (PDF)

Blockchain-basierte Abrechnung der IoT-registrierten Stationshalte: ein Proof-of-Concept auf Basis von Ethereum
April 2018; by Kuperberg, Michael; Sandner, Philipp; Felder, Matthias. (PDF) [German]

Security in Blockchain Applications
March 2018; by Roßbach, Peter. (PDF)

How We Built the Future of Shared Mobility Within Four Weeks
February 2018; by Kirn, Alexander; Gmelin, Alexander; Sandner, Philipp; Strube, Moritz. (PDF)

Blockchain: Proposition of a New and Sustainable Macroeconomic System
January 2018; by Eikmanns, Benedikt Christian. (PDF)

Additional publications 2017

Application of Blockchain Technology in the Manufacturing Industry
November 2017; by Dieterich, Vincent; Ivanovic, Marko; Meier, Thomas et al. (PDF)

Solving Challenges in Developing Countries with Blockchain Technology
October 2017; by Schmidt, Kai; Sandner, Philipp. (PDF)

Besteuerung von digitalen Assets wie Kryptowährungen und Tokens
September 2017; by Himmer, Klaus. (PDF) [German]

Blockchain-Technologie: Vom Hype zur Wirklichkeit
July 2017; by Bamberger, Boas. (PDF) [German]

Blockchain Technology in the Pharmaceutical Industry
July 2017; by Schöner, Manuela M.; Kourouklis, Dimitri; Sandner, Philipp; Gonzalez, Erick; Förster, Jonas. (PDF)

Comparison of Ethereum, Hyperledger Fabric and Corda
June 2017; by Valenta, Martin; Sandner, Philipp. (PDF)

Digitalisierung der Versicherungswirtschaft mit Blockchain und Smart Contracts
May 2017; Ghosh, Raoul; Ott, Mathias; Sandner, Philipp. (PDF) [German]

Consensus Methods in Blockchain Systems
May 2017; by Debus, Julian. (PDF)


Selected past projects
  • Development of e-mobility prototype based on the blockchain technology with INVERS
  • Proof of concept (PoC) on trading loans using Ethereum
  • Blockchain workshop with the Advisory Board of the Deutsche Bank
  • Blockchain workshop with the Board of LBBW
  • Joint workshop with Deutsche Bundesbank (6th Central Banking Workshop on “Blockchain Technology: Opportunities and Challenges”)
Conferences and seminars
  • Crypto Asset Conference in Frankfurt (CAC 2019)
  • German Blockchain Week (GWB 2019)
  • East West Crypto Conference (EWCC19)
  • Crypto Startup School (CSS 2018)
  • Course "Certified Blockchain Expert" (more information)
  • IoT & Finance workshop in cooperation with Bosch
  • 3. Forum: Blockchain im Finanzbereich

Press Coverage

"Die spannenden Alternativen zum Bitcoin” (ARD Boerse)

Zum Video

“Mit diesem 5-Punkte-Plan wird Deutschland zum Blockchain-Vorreiter”

Zum Artikel

“Blockchain ist vergleichbar mit dem
iPhone 1”

Zum Video

“ICOs sind tot - es lebe der STO!”

Zum Artikel

“Wem nützt der Bitcoin überhaupt?”

Zum Video



Prof. Dr. Philipp Sandner

  • Blockchain and Bitcoin experience for several years
  • Strong entrepreneurship record after having founded multiple companies
  • Project manager in IT development projects
  • Studied business administration with focus on business informatics and IT at Universität Mannheim
  • PhD at Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München with focus on corporate IP portfolio analytics

Prof. Dr. Peter Roßbach

  • Blockchain and Bitcoin experience for several years
  • Academic Director of the bachelor programs "Digital Innovation & Fintech" and "Business Information Systems“
  • Main research areas are Blockchain technologies, IT security and data analytics
  • PhD and habilitation at Philipps-Universität Marburg

Vahe Andonians

  • Serial entrepreneur, having founded and successfully sold four companies in the last 15 years
  • Strong focus on disruptive technologies developed by start-ups
  • Engineer in information and high frequency technology from the Federal Higher Technical Institute for Education and Experimentation in Moedling, Austria
  • MBA from the University of Liverpool, United Kingdom
Frankfurt School Experts

Stefan Schmitt

Areas of Expertise:

  • Central Bank Digital Currency (CDBC)
  • Central Bank Crypto Currency (CBCC)
  • Applications of blockchain technology
  • Project management for startups

Thomas Faber

Send Email

Areas of Expertise:

  • Digital Business Models & Digital Leadership
  • Use Case Development
  • Security Token Offerings (STOs)

Felix Bekemeier

Send Email

Areas of Expertise:

  • Applications of blockchain technology
  • Money theory and policy
  • Microeconomic analysis of agent behaviour in blockchain networks

Benjamin Schaub

Areas of Expertise:

  • Blockchain regulation and governance
  • Blockchain research
  • Project management

Robert Richter

Jonas Groß

Send Email

Areas of Expertise:

  • The impact of blockchain technology on monetary policy
  • Central Bank Digital Currency (CBDC)
  • Central Bank Crypto Currency (CBCC)
  • Alternative monetary systems
  • Security tokens

Marcel Kaiser

Areas of Expertise:

  • Applications of blockchain technology
  • Central Bank Digital Currency (CDBC)
  • Central Bank Crypto Currency (CBCC)
  • Economic & technical analysis of agents and networks

Philipp Rosenbach

Send Email

Areas of Expertise:

  • Crypto assets
  • Crowdfunding / financing
  • Corporate and entrepreneurial finance

Denise Duve

External Experts

Christoph Kreiterling

Bundesanstalt für Finanzdienstleistungsaufsicht, BaFin

Area of Expertise:

  • Blockchain technology research

PD Dr. Martin Fries

Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München

Areas of Expertise:

  • Legal tech
  • Smart contracts
  • Civil law
  • Civil procedure
  • Comparative law
  • Law and technology

Martin Janda

Bitcoin Consulting UG

Areas of Expertise:

  • Blockchain and smart contract security
  • Fullstack development (Java, C#, ... ) 
  • IT security

  • Mining of crypto assets 

Moritz Strube


Areas of Expertise:

  • Artificial intelligence
  • Internet of things (IoT)
  • Conversational user interfaces

Klaus Himmer

21 Consulting GmbH

Areas of Expertise:

  • Taxation & Accounting of digital Assets


  • Multishore Tax Reporting

  • Crypto Assets

  • Crypto Fund Reporting

FS Blockchain Center on Social Media