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Our Mission

Since the global financial crisis (GFC) of 2008/2009, central banks have been tasked with new responsibilities that include measuring systemic risk, banking regulation and supervision, digital currencies, and climate change. These responsibilities are in part a result of the collection and access to new data sources — introducing central banks to “Big Data”.

Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Machine Learning (ML) have gained importance in this process. AI and ML, in particular, can further improve the data basis for monetary policy decisions of central banks. For example, by providing more complete, immediate, and granular information to complement existing (macroeconomic) indicators. Moreover, they provide new tools to analyse big data efficiently, thereby facilitating monetary policy decision.


Between 2021- 2023, the "Artificial Intelligence and Monetary Policy Decisions" project (as part of the safe Financial Big Data Cluster (safeFBDC)) will investigate the use and importance of AI and ML in central banks and monetary policy using well-defined case studies.

The objective of the project is to improve monetary policy decision making in the Eurozone in two dimensions: (1) improve the data basis for monetary policy decisions; (2) use AI / ML methods to generate new information that is valuable for central banks and monetary policy to investigate questions related to macro analysis and forecasting, supervision of financial indicators and the assessment of financial stability risks. More broadly, these case studies will also help market participants (such as financial and non-financial institutions, regulators, academics) and other “observers” to better understand the reasons and implications of monetary policy decisions.

Project duration: 2021-2023

Project status: Ongoing

Project partners: Deloitte, TechQuartier

Associate Partner: Deutsche Bundesbank

*** NEW paper *** 

Estimating German Bank Climate Risk Exposure using the EU Emissions Trading System

Steffen,S., and Hoffner, F., 2022. Estimating German Bank Climate Risk Exposure using the EU Emissions Trading System, Research Paper.

An overview article on machine learning in central banking:

Kinywamaghana, A., and Steffen,S., 2021. A Note on the Use of Machine Learning in Central Banking, FIRE Research Paper. 



Zacharias Sautner


Prof. Dr. Zacharias Sautner

Professor of Finance

Peter Roßbach


Professor Dr. Peter Roßbach

Professor of General Business Administration and Business Informatics

Benjamin Born


Prof. Dr. Benjamin Born

Associate Professor of Macroeconomics

Sascha Steffen


Prof. Dr. Sascha Steffen

Professor of Finance

Emanuel Mönch

Prof. Dr. Emanuel Moench

Professor of Finance and Monetary Economics


Malte Heissel

Malte is a Finance student in Frankfurt School’s PhD program. As part of the program, Malte has acquired knowledge in natural language processing and deep learning and has applied his machine learning skills in inflation forecasting for the SafeFBDC: AI and Monetary Policy project. His academic research focuses on financial intermediation and debt markets.

Research Team

Hrishbh Dalal

Hrishbh is a self-taught coder with a degree in Mechanical Engineering. His goal is to use AI to do good for society; minimising biases from the data and design models to produce results for example, in healthcare. He is currently working with public data to design models to detect various diseases. Within the framework of SafeFBDC, he is working on the use of AI to forecast inflation.

Media Coverage


Frankfurt Main Finance

Frankfurt School erhält 2,3 Millionen Euro Forschungsförderung

Im Rahmen des so genannten Financial Big Data Clusters (FBDC) wird die Frankfurt School mit ihrer Forschung dazu beitragen, den Grundstein für eine sichere und rechtskonforme Finanzdatenplattform in Europa zu legen. 

KI & Bank Noten


Big Data und KI - Notenbanken wollen Datenschatz heben

Der Frankfurter Finanzwissenschaftler Sascha Steffen geht in einem Forschungsprojekt der Frage nach, wie Methoden der künstlichen Intelligenz (KI) die Arbeit der Währungshüter voranbringen können

Handelsblatt article on AI and FS


Mit KI wollen Frankfurter Forscher die Geldpolitik effizienter machen 

Professor Sascha Steffen von der Frankfurt School for Finance and Management entwickelt mit einem vorerst auf drei Jahre angelegten Forschungsprojekt neue Werkzeuge, die helfen sollen, die Geldpolitik effizienter zu machen.



Das Mysterium der Preise

Die Inflationsrate zu messen ist methodisch kompliziert. Sie zu prognostizieren ist in stark vernetzten Volkswirtschaften erst recht schwierig. Jetzt soll künstliche Intelligenz den Ökonomen, Notenbanken und Betrieben präzisere Preisanalysen ermöglichen.

Selected Publications

  • Acharya, V.V., M. Jager, S. Steffen, and L. Steinruecke, 2020. Kicking the can down the road: government interventions in the European banking sector, Review of Financial Studies, forthcoming.
  • Acharya, V.V., D. Pierret, and S. Steffen, 2020. Lender of Last Resort versus Buyer of Last Resort – Evidence from the European Sovereign Debt Crisis,  Financial Markets, Institutions, and Instruments, forthcoming
  • Acharya, V.V., B. Imbierowicz, D. Teichmann, and S. Steffen, 2020. Does the Lack of Financial Stability Impair the Transmission of Monetary Policy? Journal of Financial Economics, 138 (2), 342-365.
  • Kirschenmann, K., J. Korte, and S. Steffen, 2020. A Zero-Risk Weight Channel of Sovereign Risk Spillovers, Journal of Financial Stability, 51.
  • Große-Rueschkamp, B., S. Steffen, and D. Streitz, 2019. A Capital Structure Channel of Monetary Policy, Journal of Financial Economics, 133 (2), 357-378.
  • Cai, J., F. Eidam, A. Saunders, and S. Steffen, 2018. Syndication, Interconnectedness and Systemic Risk, Journal of Financial Stability, 34, 105-120.
  • Acharya, V., and S. Steffen, 2015. The “Greatest” Carry Trade Ever? Understanding Eurozone Bank Risks, Journal of Financial Economics, 115 (2), 215 – 236. (Lead Article).


SafeFBDC Workshop: Work Package 5 Use Cases

24 March 2022 

Frankfurt School of Finance & Management

Room S1.12

Live from TechQuartier: the Future of Data! 

30 September 2021 (5PM)

Virtual Event


Experts from Frankfurt School & ECB discuss the use of Big Data & Social Media in Central Banks


Sascha Steffen | Vice President Research and professor of finance at the Frankfurt School of Finance & Management, and Director of Financial Intermediaries and the Real Economy (FIRE).

Michael Ehrmann | Head of the Monetary Policy Research Division in the ECB’s Directorate-General Research. 

Paula Cocoma | Assistant Professor of Finance at the Frankfurt School of Finance & Management. 

Workshop: “Bank Climate Change Exposure”

08 September 2021  (9:00 – 10:30 am)

Virtual Event

Key topics

  1. Climate change research
  2. Climate risk data


Institute Office

Alexandra B. Kinywamaghana