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Thematic Area:

Climate & Sustainable Energy Finance


2018 - 2020


German Federal Ministry of Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ)



Country Coverage:           


Project Overview

This Project aims to create a deeper understanding of the efficient use of climate finance, in particular private capital, with a focus on the Green Climate Fund (GCF).


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The Frankfurt School-UNEP Collaborating Centre for Climate & Sustainable Energy Finance (FS-UNEP Centre) provides advisory in the following three areas:

(1) Strategies for the efficient integration of private capital: how to efficiently mobilise private capital for climate change mitigation and adaptation. Various sources of private sector financing are presented and aspects that are conducive to the integration of private sector financing are highlighted.

(2) Future of adaptation financing: political discussions and international finance for adaptation/risk prevention measures and reconstruction after climate-related disasters are currently dominated by grant instruments. Financially viable business models that enable private sector investment are often not prioritized due to expected access to international grant-based climate finance and the need to embed them in strategic decisions regarding public vs. private goods. Addressing this inefficiency will be of great importance to scale adaptation measures; and,

(3) Role and efficiency of the GCF: analysis of projects supported by the GCF illustrate the need for action in the concretisation and operationalisation of the GCF investment criteria, especially with regard to the requirements for the transformative character of interventions. Fundamental questions on transformation in the context of finance will be addressed.